Classification of forklifts
Forklifts are becoming more of a necessity in today’s world. Like cars, they were introduced to facilitate people and reduce the time it takes to perform a certain task. However, now it has become a necessity of almost every business and makes the tasks of lifting and handling heavy material easier and quicker. To make it more suitable for different tasks, there have been advancements in the models of forklifts and so, today, there are different models of forklifts, suited to various task. There are 5 primary classifications of the forklifts.
Electric Motor Rider forklifts
These are used for indoor applications such as in a warehouse for loading and unloading items.
Electric Motor Narrow-Aisle Forklifts
As the name shows, these forklifts are specialized for narrow indoor tasks. They are used in smaller warehouses to load and unload the material from the storage.
Pallet jacks are simple pump operator forklifts that are used to lift and move heavy objects from one place to another. They are very common in warehouses and do not require any fuel.
Internal Combustion Engine forklifts with Cushion tires
These are the most commonly used forklifts that require fuel to operate. They are used to load, unload and carry heavy objects. They could be either propane-driven, gasoline-driven or CNG-driven. Due to the cushion tires, they are used indoors.
Internal Combustion Engine forklifts with Pneumatic tires
These IC engine forklifts are just the same as the ones mentioned before. The only difference is, they are equipped with Pneumatic tires that are well-suited to rough ground. Therefore, these forklifts are used for outdoor applications.
Advantages of choosing electric forklift
There are a number of reasons why more and more businesses and warehouses are switching to electric forklifts. The list is long, but some of the key benefits of choosing an electric forklift are discussed below.
Being a heavy-duty machinery, it is almost unimaginable to expect a forklift operating quietly. This is the case for electric forklifts that do not produce any sound during operation and contribute to a noise-free working environment.
Since most of the forklifts are used indoors, the ones producing no smoke are extremely beneficial for the workforce. The electric powered forklifts do not produce any emission and result in an environment friendly operation.
Electric powered forklifts are more compact than the IC engine forklifts. This makes them ideal for smaller warehouses.
Unlike the IC engine powered forklifts, the electric powered forklifts require little maintenance in regular intervals. They are easy to maintain and need no expert team to perform the regular maintenance tasks.
Provided that the maintenance schedule is strictly followed, the electric forklifts last much longer than the regular forklifts.
One of the primary advantages of choosing a new forklift is the low maintenance. There are few regular check-ups you need to perform in order to extend the lifetime of your machine to the maximum.
Regular charging of Batteries
Take note of the recommended interval of charging the battery in the manual of the forklift. For longer lifetime, it is better that you use the charge to at least 80% before you put the battery on charge again. Charging the battery when it hasn’t been used much will shorten the life expectancy of the battery.
Maintain water level
Maintaining the battery life is crucially important in maintaining the functionality of the battery. This means refilling the water after regular intervals after recharging. Also, avoid overfilling the battery to maintain peak performance.
Do not completely discharge
Do not use the battery till the last drop of energy in it. Keep at least 20% charge in it when you recharge. Using the battery till the complete discharge can damage the battery and the components running on it.
Tips of operating forklift safely
Lastly, there are some tips to maintain the safety of your operation. Being a heavy-duty machinery, negligence in safety considerations can cause a lot of damage so make sure the following considerations are strictly followed.
The operator is qualified.
The necessary clothing is worn along with safety accessories like appropriate shoes.
Careful examination of the machine before operation.
Adjustment of the mirrors, seat and other equipment before starting work.
Operation under safe speed limits.